The economy of Carmona is generally agricultural. Almost half of its total land area is devoted to agriculture.
In 2000, the total land area devoted to agriculture was 609 or roughly 19.60% of the total land area of Carmona, which is 3,902 hectares, 230 hectares are irrigated areas all of which are currently planted with rice and vegetables, 30 hectares are upland rice areas, 122.5 hectares for diversified tress and crops, the other 211.5 hectares is considered as pasture land.
There are 217 farmers in the Municipality engage in planting and farming. Crops and livestock farmers are distributed in 14 barangay of Carmona.
However, with the implementation of CALABARZON growth area, the municipality of Carmona has slowly become an industrial enclave in the province. The advent of industrialization has threatened the agricultural base of Carmona. As of April 1999, land used for rice production has gone down; sugarcane plantation has decreased considerably and those land uses for other crops and vegetables totaled 84.5 hectares during the same year.
At present, the programs and services of the Department of Agriculture (DA) are focused on five priority programs such as sustained self-sufficiency program for rice and corn, strengthening of production market linkage, acceleration of livelihood program, aggressive assistance to organizational development of farmers and assistance to agriculture related priority program of other government agencies.
Sorteo ng Bukid
As reported in the Municipal Development Plan of 2000, approximately 204.5 hectares or 6.6% of the total agricultural lands in the area are considered communal. These communal lands are provided into 114 lots of irrigated rice paddies highly suitable for lowland rice and vegetable production. Most of these lands are located in Barangay Lantic and Barangay Maduya. Farmers take turns in tilling these communal lands through a local lottery conducted by the municipal government every three (3) years.
The lottery is locally known as Sorteo ng Bukid. It is traditional procedure on land ownership and an indigenous system of land preservation which continues to exist in Carmona. After the Second World War, when the municipality was trying to rebuild its agricultural economy, the communal agricultural lands were offered to farmers for continuos cultivation. The offer was made through a lottery. Interested farmers submit their intents and undergo screening. Qualified farmers are drawn in a lottery.
To date, communal farm lost are still being raffled off to interested farmers every three (3) years.
The major crops produced in the municipality are lowland and upland rice and sugarcane. Other crops grown are corn, vegetables, root crops, and fruit trees.
Fruits and Vegetables Production
In 2000, an area covering some 23.5 hectares was planted with various crops and fruit trees. These yielded an estimated 444 metric tons of assorted products.
Livestock and Poultry Production
Livestock and poultry raising in the municipal are largely backyard family enterprises. Animals raised are generally for home consumption and additional income source for the family.
Total production of livestock and poultry in 1999 registered a head count of 7,907. Pigs raised both for human consumption or for breeding purposes are estimated at 1,675. While the equally popular poultry raising produced about 4,472 heads. An estimated 1,013 heads of cattle, 31 heads of carabaos and 716 goats were also produced.
Based on reports of the municipal Agricultural Officer, the total livestock and poultry production in the municipality is still below the sufficiency level for beef, pork meat and eggs.